Friday, March 29, 2019
The Crime Prevention Triangle Explination Criminology Essay
The disgust taproom Triangle Explination Criminology EssayIn this unit, we leave alone explore limited and general law-breaking saloon approaches and strategies, apply to clip and go steady the occurrence of abhorrence in the society. The component part of the citizen and the participation of interests leave be differentiated from the component part of the state through the institutions of the sad justice brass.Unit ObjectivesTo appreciate the need for citizen participation.To discuss the consumption of the Police.To decipher the bureau of Policy Makers.To examine the methods pulmonary tuberculosisd by the criminal justice system to influence reform and rehabilitation.To analyze at least cardinal approaches to offence barroom employed by the criminal justice system.Readings and Online Re rootagesReid, oral (1998) Community Policing A Philosophical Approach to the Study of Community Building.Reid, Oral. Policing by Consent. The Copper 97 Vol. 1 No. 1http//www.s chererville.org/index.php?option=com_contenttask=viewid=257Itemid=58http//www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTYIPBoeGaUSession 4.1 Community hatred Prevention Approaches nurture ObjectivesBy the end if this academic term the student should be able to jell the elements of the curse ginmill trilateralDiscuss the elements of the criminal offense bar triangleDescribe the offensive activity streak triangleDefine the regions of the elements in the aversion bar triangleDiscuss the participation of the elements in the discourtesy streak triangleUnderstand the need for citizen participation.Appreciate the single-valued function of individual and abetter _or_ abettorship conclaves in the cake of offense.Explain the need for the Crime Prevention Practiti consortlessrs in building a confederacy teamIntroductionIn this session we will examine specific offensive prevention approaches intended to cotton up the critical component of the citizen, the natural law and indemnitymakers in their endeavour to address offensive activity control or reducing both at the local train of the society and the state in general.The Crime Prevention Triangle check 41 The Community Crime Prevention Triangle strong crime prevention requires a closer relationship between the constabulary, policy makers, and the conjunction at swellight-emitting diode. It is necessary for either sides to open lines of communication and field of study up to define their respective purposes in such a way that they rede their responsibilities to the overall cooperative effort. The task of bringing these key sectors of the community unneurotic is non easy neither poop one be good without the other. The challenge is a good deal that individually sector has specific viewpoints that appear to be inconsistent with the needs and expectations of others in the triangle.For instance, the police slang traditionally been one of the most closed conclaves in Caribbean society. This position ha s been influenced by several factors among which atomic number 18 the side by side(p) Police Forces in the region boost a paramilitary force in structure Many of the social and professional problems they encounter can non be discussed with persons outside their profession and the nature of police work frequently marge them to persons operative inside their respective formations. The factors listed all attendant a outgrowth trend towards police isolation from the people they ar intended to serve.On the other hand, most citizens welcome very limited companionship of police work. Such views be often further distorted by video recording syllabuss that suggest glamorous and unrealistic means of solving crimes and social disorder. whence a typical citizens impression of the police is connectd with issuing traffic tickets, or mystifying felons. The citizen is not likely to be in a beautiful mood in either of these circumstances, and frequently learns to associate officers with enforcement and chest of drawers. The police slip away most of their time dealing with the less desirable elements of Caribbean society inasmuch as they deal with suspects and vagrants on a regular basis, and sometimes tend to associate the uncooperative behaviour of these elements with the general usual. It is not uncommon for the police to brat with suspicion volunteers who penury to aid in the management of crime.Politicians or policymakers ar given labels that hold them up to earthly concern scrutiny and ridicule. Views expressed during change campaigns or unrealistic expectations by the public that an official has the superpower to curl a magic wand and cure the ills of society founder served to tonal pattern the relationship between the elected officials and their constituents.All of the above realities show that each side of the triangle has an important part to sportswoman in the community crime prevention physical process but that there be challenges wh ich, if not cargonfully managed could deepen the divide between each sector. The strength of a triangle depends on strong linkages. If one of these three groups does not go into, the chances for mastery will be seriously diminished.Defining the Roles in the Crime Prevention TriangleCitizen and Community ParticipationThe need for citizen participation in community crime prevention is critical to the readyment of a crime-free society. Two substantive ingredients ar a well-trained police force and an informed and cooperative citizenry. It is often the case that too few citizens turn over made a cargo to demonstrablely participation.Participation in community crime prevention efforts is not merely desirable but necessary. Police and crime prevention specialists exclusively cannot control crime they need all the help the community can give them. Despite the later there seems to be an irreversible trend, in recent years, towards less involvement by citizens and increase responsib ilities being delegated to the police. increase specialization in various police forces coupled with increased tax has encouraged citizens to matter to the police, as professionals, to assume the responsibility of community safety. Subsequently, calls for dish to the average law enforcement performance have increased steadily as citizens looked for assistance, not only with criminal matters but also for a replete(p) range of serving endeavours, such as invitations to speak to the wayward son or girl that failed to comply with house rules, retrieving trapped cats and dogs and transporting mental patients to the infirmary for treatment. It would be reasonable to assume that as much as 80 percent of police calls relate to noncriminal conduct as opposed to actual investigation or the apprehension of criminals.Community ranges from isolated individuals to diverse community groups. The levels of expertise vary from novice to accomplished professionals. The motivation to participate is as diverse as the community itself. Yet the secret to changing public attitudes and ultimately behaviour lies at heart this coarse and primarily untapped resource.The following argon various levels of involvement in crime prevention efforts with which citizens step comfortable and choose to let out. It is helpful to first look at the role an individual can process, and then expand the pass for involvement to group roles or collective citizen action.The Role of the IndividualPractitioners know that a vast majority of a communitys population does not belong to an identifiable group but still participates in a wide range of activities. These citizens have concerns regarding crime and should be cut intoed and encouraged to participate in crime prevention political programs as individuals. A few of the ship canal an individual can participate include1. Contributing volunteer time to programme efforts2. Being an counselor for crime prevention concepts3. Reporting suspicious activities to the police4. Taking initiatives to act opportunity reduction strategies at home/work and while locomoteabout the community, such asa. installment secure, deadbolt locksb. providing good credential lightingc. trimming shrubbery away from doors and windowsd. always locking car doors and windowse. use common sense and awareness when traveling alonef. home run all valuables with a personal identification numberg. not carrying or displaying large amount of cashh. avoiding walking alone after dark activeness Crime Prevention TipsView the Youtube videos below, they offer some useful crime prevention tips for individualshttp//www.youtube.com/watch?v=RTYIPBoeGaU bodily process 41embodied Citizen and Group RolesThe communitys role is strengthened when group initiatives are added to individual citizen initiatives. If Crime prevention is to be effective in improving quality of life, the role of the community-at-large moldiness be expanded to include supportive efforts from a grand base of hold uping private sector groups-businesses, industries, churches, etc. at heart a jurisdiction. Organized groups such as the Chamber of Commerce, P.T.A., Scouts, Girls Guides, Kiwanis, Womens Clubs, and Church Groups lend their support to community crime prevention programming and bring with them an existing pool of volunteer time, talent, energy, and the additional clout and resources of constituted organizations. They also bring with them the organisational goals, policies, and procedures, resolutions on community issues, and reputation that may or may not precisely fit everyone elses agenda. The role these groups must play is sometimes operose to define and mobilize, and always difficult to manage.Yet it is vitally important to reach and involve citizens within their own context. The task is to reach people where they are and with the tools they are accustomed to utilize. This does not simply mean that everyone has to join vicinity Watch Programmes. It d oes mean that every citizen can participate in crime prevention doing whatever a citizen is a part of-Boys Clubs, a tenants organization, the indemnity industry etc. The trick to citizen involvement is to provide them hope within their own familiar environments.The experiences gained in community crime prevention programmes crossways the Caribbean region have helped define the following points in the community-at- large role The community at large must accept the responsibility for organizing a community crime prevention programme. They have the biggest stake-and ultimately they have more to lose than either the law enforcement or policymaker segments. The community must detect committed leadership for an organized crime prevention effort. The community must provide the necessary resources (time and funds) for the leadership to receive basic crime prevention training. The community must plan organized training for other volunteers in the program. The citizens must identify the p roblems of the community through cooperative efforts with law enforcement agencies, using such tools as surveys, opinion polls, and actual crime data. The members of the community must plan a coordinated approach to crime prevention efforts by designing and matching projects to the interests of various volunteer groups. The leaders must establish an effective mechanism for outreach and input so various groups know what others are doing. This will help ensure coordination, and is frequently termed networking. The community group must solicit commitments from various groups supporting crime prevention efforts to ensure programme continuity. The group organizers must provide opportunities for all groups or individuals to participate in the community-wide programmes (while allowing groups to retain their separate identity). The group organizers must establish an ongoing process of obtaining and assessing project information for evaluation purposes to aid further finality-making. The or ganizers must identify and obtain resources to properly fund a sustained crime prevention effort. The leaders of the crime prevention unit must facilitate the refreshful use of collective citizen power to influence public policies that promote crime prevention concepts. The community group must serve as a strong advocate for increased communication between the various segments forming the crime prevention triangle. The groups must ensure the participation of the media as a partner in the total community crime prevention programme.Community volunteers have learnt much about their role in crime prevention during the detain decade. Their role will become even more clearly be through the next decade as volunteers acquire additional knowledge in organizing and maintaining community crime prevention programmes.Police ParticipationThe attitudes of the citizens towards the police service are generally inconsistent. The police are appreciated when they are needed but often feared because they are perceived as the states representatives of power and authority. The reality is that only rarely is the real nature of the police service broadcast and very rarely is the man inside the uniform silent or known. Yet we understand his role to be critical.What is generally concur is that when facial expressiond with trouble, people expect quick police response and victims want and expect the effective service of a professional. Based on the wide range of service demands there is little wonder that both citizens and police alike are sometimes unclear about the definition of the role of the police in the prevention rather than the detection of crime. The following points are essentialThe police are not separate from the people. They draw their authority from the will and consent of the people.The police are the state appointed instruments through which citizens can contact and maintain public order.Police officers are decision makers and often decide whether to arrest, to mak e a referral, to seek prosecution, or to use force.Police officers are just as accountable for their decisions as the magistrate or judge is for decisions deliberated for months.The police officer must understand complex ethnic and social problems and relationships to be efficient and effective.A police officer is a part of and not apart froma. The community servedb. The criminal justice system that determines what course society will pursue to deter lawbreakers or reconstruct offenders in the interest of public orderc. The authorities that provides the formal base of authority.The police officer initiates the criminal justice process through arrest of suspects and can be held accountable where they fail to take action.The police are the criminal justice element in closest contact with the public (and therefore are frequently blamed for failures in other separate of the system).The police are helpless to control crime without the cooperation of a self-coloured portion of the peo ple.The role of the police thus becomesto anticipate that crime will occur when risks are high, to recognize when a high-crime risk existsto appraise the earnestness of the particular riskto initiate action to remove or reduce the risk.Educational, technical and supportive resource- an enabler rather than a primary doer.The police role in crime prevention strategies should Utilize the patrol function to take and maintain efforts to identify and arrest suspects Serve as a source for public information and training regarding crime prevention programs Coordinate crime prevention activities in their respective jurisdictions Share information with the public self-contained through police data analysis capabilitiesconcerning the kinds of crime and the methods being utilise by perpetrators against citizens Take initiative to develop organized crime prevention functions within each departmentPolicymakers ParticipationMany earlier efforts to establish crime prevention programmes carefully skirted the issues of assessing the role of the public sector or seeking to involve the policymakers. This hesitancy was brought about in part because notions of crime prevention were seen as new and untested and hadnt been accepted as a viable response to long-standing social and economic problems. Very few programmes have been able to document specific successes in actually demonstrating a reduction of crime. Additionally, some communities had experiences with receiving political support for crime prevention programmes during the course of a political election, only to be quietly swept under the rug when elections were over and the difficult job of meeting budgets was underway in the face of declining resources.Slowly, isolated experiences surfaced that demonstrated a positive relationship between rectify citizen participation in crime prevention/opportunity reduction programmes and a lower residential burglary or vandalism rate in neighbourhoods. Policymakers were instinctive to take a closer look. Such closer scrutiny led in Barbados to the establishment of the National Task Force on Crime Prevention in June 1996. This agency collaborates with the Royal Barbados Police Force on the analysis of national crime statistics and initiate programmes aimed at reducing crime in selected residential communities. In 1968 in the United States of America, Congress established a legislative priority and provided monetary resources to jurisdictions for mounting crime prevention efforts and funded them through the Justice Department Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA).natural process A Caribbean PerspectiveThe aforementioned has been the American experience.Can you think of ways this approach can be adapted to match the Caribbean reality reserve for your country.Post your suggestions in the discussion forum and react to suggestions posed by your classmates.Activity 42As a result of this increased interest by officials in the public sector and the interac tion within communities, there is now a more clearly defined role of the policymakers in the community crime prevention process. Practitioners are confident that this role will continue to evolve and clarify over time, but for the present, I offer the following points on the role of the policymaker1. Provides leadership in cathode-ray oscilloscope public policy that establishes a jurisdiction-wide crimeprevention programme.2. Encourages coordination and cooperation between government agencies to maximize existingresources and avoid duplication of efforts.3. Develops and adopts building security codes.4. actively promotes opportunity reduction practices for public owned properties, such asa. marking all valuables with property identification numbersb. providing adequate, security lightingc. installing deadbolt locking devices5. Promotes crime prevention education and training for employees within the public sector.6. Provides financial support for crime prevention programmes.7. Publ icly supports crime prevention programmes to encourage other groups and individuals toparticipate.8. Designates a permanent public agency to serve as an organizational base for crimePrevention programmes.9. Demonstrates a long-term commitment to crime prevention by passing a formal resolution tosanction the crime prevention programme.10. Requires accountability of programme efforts.The Crime Prevention Practitioner Building a Community squadEven after the various elements within a community have a basic perceptiveness of their role and responsibilities in a community crime prevention effort, there still remains vital work to be done in order to establish a promise crime prevention programme in a community.Much effort has been virtually wasted in the past as various groups go about well-meaning attempts to establish programmes for prevention without a coordinated approach.Likewise, a community crime prevention team doesnt just happen. The various elements that exist in your commun ity must be linked together forward any game plan can be written. This task requires specific attention. One or more individuals must be identified to play the coaching role and to mold representatives from various sides of the triangle into a working team.These specialists are called crime prevention practitioners. Who are they and what do they do?Practitioners across the country represent a wide cross-section of our population. Some are criminal justice professionals, some are elected officials. Many are business people, school teachers, or civic club volunteers. Crime prevention practitioners sometimes volunteer while others arc elected. In either case, they play a evidentiary role in the community crime prevention process. A profile of successful practitioners would include willingness to contribute a significant amount of time to crime prevention efforts the enthusiasm to motivate others a basic knowledge of the criminal justice system a all-inclusive understanding of the c oncepts of crime prevention and the ability to teach andadvise others . . mental ability of assessing skills and resources within the community the ability to relate to all interested groups and match these interests to the overall programeffort the expertise to facilitate links that achieve a coordinated approach to programming good organizational skills an understanding of the nature of the political process and the guidance that enables publicsupport to be translated through decision-makers into public policyAbove all, the successful practitioner will possess two primary attributesCOMMITMENT to the cause, andthe PERSISTENCE to continue the commitment over time in the face of obstacles that are sure to arise.Activity Mini InvestigationIdentify and categorize the crime prevention practitioners in your territory.Report your findings to the course coordinator or tutor.Activity 43 outlineIn this session we have examined specific crime prevention strategies concentrate around the cri me prevention triangle. In this session we highlighted the critical roles of individuals as a sub-sect of organizations, at one end of the continuum and the community as whole. The role of the police, and policy makers were also highlighted as essential to the construction of good crime prevention policy and practice. In the next session we will look at the role of the criminal justice system in the control of crime and acts of unsocial behaviour.