Sunday, December 16, 2018
'Anti-doping Measures and Technology Advancement\r'
'Many athletes and sportsmen and women in the gentleman call for at one time or an new(prenominal) toyed with the idea of apply carry outance enhancing drugs in order to maximize their chances of winning in the competitions (Houlihan, 2002).The enjoyment of these drugs is often referred to as doping. It is unethical as it gives delectationrs advantages all over other athletes who are not apply the drugs so lack of adaptedity in the competition. Apart from this, they pulsate a serious threat to the health of the users.Examples admit steroids, psychometric testosterone, strychnine, Benzedrine, erythropoietin among others. Adding to the list of doping are engine room techniques such as gene modification and ionised shirts, tough these shirts have not yet been classified in the doping list. carrying into action enhancing drugs have for a big time been a major concern to sports organizers who have constantly time-tested to stop the habit. Doping has existed in the sports globe for as long as possible.According to Dimeo (2007), the first performance enhancing substances were employ as early as 1807. However around were herbs and liquids that were eaten or drunk. The first real use of performance enhancers were seen in 1904 in the Olympics.However formal doping tests only started in the ripe 1960s when sports organizations saw the need to place an equal platform for all athletes to ensure fair competition. effect enhancers were banned from the Olympics in 1968 by the International Olympic committee (IOC).The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) was formed in November 1991 led by IOC to promote the fight against use of drugs in sports. It aimed at promoting the fight through coordination from other stakeholders in the world. In 2004, the World Anti-Doping Code was enforced by various sports organizations making rules and regulations governing sports to be unified in many countries just onward the Olympic game in Athens, Greece.Currently, over cardi nal hundred countries are signatories of the WADA Code. WADA communicates its rules about performance enhancing drugs and penalties using the tabu list which is updated every year to supply for any changes and new discoveries (David, 2008).DiscussionThe progress in technology and pharmacology has perpetually caused a threat to these organizations mogul to cope with drugs in sports. Manufacturers have been so sagacious when making performance enhancing drugs that methods and apparatus used to test for drugs among athletes seem to miss out on somewhat drugs in the sportsmen.According to Tansey (2008) of the San Francisco Chronicle, sports doping detection is an ever ending knowledge which has to keep on being updated. Traditionally, urine samples were used to detect illegal samples in sportsmen.Steroid dopers have always remained ahead of the anti-doping organizations as they keep inventing new condition steroids that are more difficult to detect using the current technologies available in WADA and other organizations. character of synthetic growth hormones which are hard to split from natural growth hormones has not helped in the anti-doping campaigns.The most recent technology in performance enhancing is the ionized shirts known as ionX developed in in the altogether Zealand. These shirts are made of fabrics containing negative ions which are believed to remediate performance when ionization takes place after link with the body. Ionized shirts have not been classified as doping and investigations are still being carried out to find oneself the chemistry behind them.The Speedo LZR racer swimsuits are give tongue to to be a form of technological doping. It came as a surprise when thirty eight world records were set within months of Speedos introduction of their swimsuits. It was also verbalize that remarkably average swimmers displayed higher speeds than would be expected.Gene doping is some other technology where athletes and other sportsmen and women use heritable modification in order to enhance their performance.Also known as genetic engineering, this is a technique where genes are inserted into cells to modernise certain defects such as correction of genetic errors. In athletics genes are modified to wangle the functioning of the cells such that the genes inserted help the athlete perform better (Tamburrini and Tannsjo, 2005).This usually happens in terms of enhance muscle developments. Gene modification was added to the list of prohibited methods and substances by the International Olympic Committee. However, technology ask to perform tests of determining genetic modification in athletes are quite complex. WADA is still doing more research to fight this advanced doping method.\r\n'